How to Take Care of a Pet Rat (Full Guide)

Surprisingly good and pleasant, rats make improbable pets for individuals of any age. Playful little buddies that like to cuddle, discover, and be taught, rats are social creatures that thrive on human companionship. You’ll want the entire proper rat equipment, a spacious cage, toys, bedding, and meals to care for your rat correctly.

When you’re eager to include this lovable critter in your family, right here is everything you have to learn about taking good care of your pet rat.

how to take care of a pet rat

Do Rats Make Good Pets?

Regardless of their status as soiled city vermin, rats make improbable pets for each child and adult. Rats are a lot cleaner than most individuals give them credit scores for and like to groom themselves and one another.

Loyal and loving, rats will present affection to their beloved house owners and cuddle up near your chest. They will even sit on your shoulder and accompany you around the home! Although rats don’t reside very long, they’ll add achievement and pleasure to your life as long as they’re around.

When you personal bigger pets, reminiscent of a dog or a cat, you have to maintain a detailed eye on your rodent so he doesn’t get injured by the more giant animals. Additionally, rats want preventive medical care to treat issues reminiscent of tumors, uterine infections, and respiratory circumstances.

What Should I Feed My Pet Rat?

Rats want fixed entry to contemporary meals and water. One of the best ways to supply your rat with clear water is to connect a water bottle with a sipper tube to the aspect of his cage. Change the water every day and permanently; make sure the water bottle is full.

Use a big, heavy ceramic meal dish in your rat’s meals. Most of these bowls won’t tip over and spill food everywhere in the cage. Block or pelleted rat meals supply your pet with plenty of nutritional vitamins and minerals. Choose a rat block with low fat and calorie content material and is more excessive in soy meal moderately than corn.

Along with business rat food, give your pet loads of fruits, nuts, and vegetables. The occasional low-fat cooked meat or mealworm treat will guarantee your rat is getting his proteins.

How to Take Care of a Pet Rat?

Rats are social creatures that require loads of playtime and socialization. Don’t simply go away your rat in his cage and forget about him. Enable him to climb in your arms and chest. You may also outfit his cage with cardboard tubes, ropes, toys, tunnels, platforms, and hammocks to maintain him engaged, whereas he’s in his home. Rotate or transfer the toys to keep your rat challenged and stop boredom.

When you let your rat-free roam within your property all the time, maintain a detailed eye on him and keep all different pets away. Don’t let your rat scoot underneath any furnishings or chew on wires or partitions.

When handling your pet rat, deal with him gently, and don’t put your fingers close to his mouth. He could bite! By no means decide your rat up by his tail. At all times, supervise your kids after they’re dealing with your rat.

Whereas rats shouldn’t be groomed (they do it themselves!), they want their sharp nails trimmed every two months. Use a pair of human nail clippers and trim the nails as desired. Keep away from cutting the pink portion of the nails. When you nip the fast and nick a blood vessel, apply a small dab of cornstarch to the tip of the nail to rapidly cease any bleeding.

What Treats Can I Give My Rat?

Rats eat all types of meals and love entirely getting treats from their human. Here’s a quick record of pleasures you may safely give your rat without worrying about well-being issues.

  • Fruit

Fruit is a healthy treat for rats, and most may be given to your pet with no issues. You’ll want to take away seeds from more significant fruit like cherries and grapes, and you’ll want to lower them into rat-sized items.

  • Vegetables

Many rats love quite a lot of veggies. Green vegetables like broccoli are healthy selections and supply an additional crunch to their food plan. Squash can also be one other alternative if the squash is cooked.

  • Nuts and seeds

Nuts and seeds are healthy protein sources in your pet rat; however, watch out. Raw peanuts and soy nuts may be lethal to rats, whereas raw cashews are nice.

  • Pasta and bread

Like people, entire wheat is better for our furry associates than the white, bleached selection. Enriched pasta or those made with vegetables are a good better option because it provides each additional taste and dietary worth.

  • Lean meats sparsely

Whereas this tidbit of recommendation is as much as the owner, small quantities of lean, cooked poultry, particularly rooster, are usually a tasty deal in your rat.

Rooster bones can serve as a great chew toy to maintain their tooth trim and clean. Beef and ham are generally not helpful for rats because the protein content material may be too excessive, and the dietary worth may be too low.

Where Can I Get a Pet Rat?

Many of us choose to purchase a pet rat from our native pet retailer. However, you can even buy rats from specialty breeders and even undertake one out of your neighborhood animal shelter.

People who find themselves on the hunt for a flowery rat will usually get these rodents from certified rat breeders. Hairless, Dumbo, Satin, Tailless, and Bristle Coat rats can all be picked up from an exotic rat breeder.

What Type of Home Does My Pet Rat Want?

A big wire cage with horizontal bars is one of the best houses for a pet rat. Your rodent pal can climb up and down the cage and get workouts in this manner. At a minimum, your rat’s cage must be two- square feet, or 12 by 24 inches. However, deciding on a giant cage is more significant, so your rat has plenty of room to maneuver around.

Please don’t get a cage with wire flooring, as they’ll harm your pet’s little paws. Cages with different ranges will encourage your rat to create different “zones” in his cage. For instance, he could use the ground as his feeding zone and the highest stage as his sleeping space.

At all times, maintain your rat’s cage in a protected, quiet space of your property that isn’t accessible to different pets. Keep away from inserting the cage in direct daylight or drafty areas. Rats are most energetic at night, so don’t keep your rat in your bedroom if you wish to sleep soundly.

How Do I Know If My Pet Rat Is Sick?

The most typical health circumstances that affect pet rats are tumors and respiratory issues. When you see significant, uncommon development in your rat, it might be a tumor. Schedule a vet appointment to diagnose the treat the problem correctly. When you discover that your rat is sneezing or sniffling, take him to the vet to get handled.

Rats also can develop bumblefoot, which is a painful situation that causes ulcers on the bottoms of their paws. If left untreated, this situation may be deadly.

Final Thoughts

Pet rats will make an excellent addition to any house. These loving, playful, and curious creatures want plenty of socialization and stimulation to remain completely happy and wholesome. When you’re out there for a petite pet, think about including a rat in your house at present!

Taking good care of a healthy pet rat is a full-time job. That’s why it’s so necessary to have a recreation plan as a tip for caring for your pet rat when you can’t be in the house regularly. Step one towards taking excellent care of your pet is learning everything you may about their particular wants, which can range primarily based on the species and the period you’ve accessible to you.